Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur: Volume 43, Number 7 (July 2017), p. 1109-1112    ( to contents , go back )

On massive photons inside a superconductor as follows from London and Ginzburg–Landau theory

R. de Bruyn Ouboter

Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory, Leiden Institute of Physics, Leiden University P.O. 9506, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands

A.N. Omelyanchouk

B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 47 Nauky Ave., Kharkiv 61103, Ukraine

Received April 3, 2017


A phenomenological derivation in the frame of London`s and Ginzburg–Landau theories is given that photons behave inside a superconductor as if they have mass.

PACS: 03.50.De Classical electromagnetism, Maxwell equations;
PACS: 31.30.J– Relativistic and quantum electrodynamic (QED) effects in atoms, molecules, and ions;
PACS: 74.20.De Phenomenological theories (two-fluid, Ginzburg–Landau, etc.).

Key words: massive photon, inside a superconductor, London and Ginzburg–Landau theory.

Published online: May 25, 2017

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