Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur: Volume 44, Number 4 (April 2018), p. 432-438    ( to contents , go back )

Pressure effect on magnetic susceptibility of LaCoO3

A.S. Panfilov, G.E. Grechnev, I.P. Zhuravleva, A.A. Lyogenkaya, and V.A. Pashchenko

B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 47 Nauky Ave., Kharkiv 61103, Ukraine

B.N. Savenko

Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Russia

D. Novoselov

M.N. Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yekaterinburg 620108, Russia
Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg 620002, Russia

D. Prabhakaran

Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PU, Great Britain

I.O. Troyanchuk

Scientific-Practical Material Research Center, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk 220072, Belarus

Received December 21, 2017


The effect of pressure on magnetic properties of LaCoO3 is studied experimentally and theoretically. The pressure dependence of magnetic susceptibility χ of LaCoO3 is obtained by precise measurements of χ as a function of the hydrostatic pressure P up to 2 kbar in the temperature range from 78 K to 300 K. A pronounced magnitude of the pressure effect is found to be negative in sign and strongly temperature dependent. The obtained experimental data are analysed by using a two-level model and DFT+U calculations of the electronic structure of LaCoO3. In particular, the fixed spin moment method was employed to obtain a volume dependence of the total energy difference Δ between the low spin and the intermediate spin states of LaCoO3. Analysis of the obtained experimental χ(P) dependence within the two-level model, as well as our DFT+U calculations, have revealed the anomalous large decrease in the energy difference Δ with increasing of the unit cell volume. This effect, taking into account a thermal expansion, can be responsible for the temperatures dependence of Δ, predicting its vanishing near room temperature.

PACS: 71.20.Eh Rare earth metals and alloys;
PACS: 75.30.Mb Valence fluctuation, Kondo lattice, and heavy-fermion phenomena;
PACS: 75.80.+q Magnetomechanical effects, magnetostriction.

Key words: LaCoO3 compound, magnetic susceptibility, pressure effect, DFT+U calculations, spin states crossover.

Published online: February 26, 2018

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