Evolution of the dynamics of neutral superconductors between BCS and BEC regimes: the variational approach
Andrey V. Chubukov
Department of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis MN 55455, USA
Theoretical Division (T-4), Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos NM 87545, USA
Received January 24, 2018
We use variational approach to analyze the evolution of the dynamics of a neutral s-wave superconductor between BCS and BEC regimes. We consider 2D case, when BCS–BEC crossover occurs already at weak coupling and is governed by the ratio of the two scales — the Fermi energy EF and the bound state energy for two fermions in a vacuum, E0. BCS and BEC regimes correspond to EF >> E0 and EF << E0, respectively. We compute the spectrum of low-energy bosonic excitations and show that the velocity of phase fluctuations remains υF / √2 through BCS–BEC crossover. We also discuss the topological Aφ ̇ term in the effective action.
PACS: 74.20.Fg Nanotubes;
Key words: s-wave, superconductor, Berry phase.
Published online: April 25, 2018