Low Temperature Physics: 44, 1325 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5078628
Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur: Volume 44, Number 12 (December 2018), p. 1692-1699 ( to contents , go back )
Landau–Zener transitions and Rabi oscillations in a Cooper-pair box: beyond two-level models
A.V. Parafilo and M.N. Kiselev
The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, I-34151 Trieste, Italy
Received August 1, 2018, published online October 26, 2018
We investigate quantum interference effects in a superconducting Cooper-pair box by taking into account the possibility of tunneling processes involving one and two Cooper pairs. The quantum dynamics is analyzed in a framework of three-level model. We compute Landau–Zener probabilities for a linear sweep of the gate charge and investigate Rabi oscillations in a periodically driven three-level system under in- and off-resonance conditions. It was shown that the Landau–Zener probabilities reveal two different patterns: “step”- and “beats”-like behaviors associated with the quantum interference effects. Control on these two regimes is provided by change of the ratio between two characteristic time scales of the problem. We demonstrate through the analysis of a periodically driven three-level system, that if a direct transition between certain pairs of levels is allowed and fine-tuned to a resonance, the problem is mapped to the two-level Rabi model. If the transition between pair of levels is forbidden, the off-resonance Rabi oscillations involving second order in tunneling processes are predicted. This effect can be observed by measuring a population difference slowly varying in time between the states of the Cooper-pair box characterized by the same parity.
Key words: three-level system, superconducting Cooper pair box, Landau–Zener transition, Rabi oscillations.