Magnetoelastic effects in low-dimensional magnetic systems
A. A. Zvyagin 1,2
1 Max Planck Institut fur Physik Komplexer Systeme, Nöthnitzer Str, 38, D-01187, Dresden, Germany
G. A. Zvyagina
2 B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 47 Lenin Ave., Kharkov 61164, Ukraine
Received July 25, 2000
We consider a new realization of magnetoelastic interactions in low-dimensional magnetic systems. We show that low-dimensional spin systems are unstable with respect to the spontaneous appearance of alternating distortions of the positions of the three-dimensional nonmagnetic atoms (ligands), that surround the magnetic ions. Those distortions are supplemented by the spontaneous onset of alternating effective g factors of the magnetic ions in the phase with short-range interactions. We discuss the possibility of observing the effect in an uniform external magnetic field, which in the situation considered produces both magnetization and staggered magnetization of the magnetic subsystem. The connection of the proposed theory with recent experiments on effectively low-dimensional magnetic systems (organic spin chains, heavy-fermion compounds, rare-earth molybdates) is discussed.