Low Temperature Physics: 33, 234 (2007); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2719961 (11 pages)
Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur: Volume 33, Number 2-3 (February 2007), p. 314-327 ( to contents , go back )
Charge states of strongly correlated 3d oxides: from typical insulator to unconventional electron-hole Bose liquid
Department of Theoretical Physics, Ural State University, Ekaterinburg 620083, Russia
Received July 31, 2006
We present a model approach to describe charge fluctuations and different charge phases in strongly correlated 3d oxides. As a generic model system one considers that of centers each with three possible valence states M0,± described in frames of S = 1 pseudospin (isospin) formalism by an effective anisotropic non-Heisenberg Hamiltonian which includes both two types of single particle correlated hopping and the two-particle hopping. Simple uniform mean-field phases include an insulating monovalent M0 phase, mixed-alence binary (disproportionated) M± phase, and mixed-valence ternary («under- disproportionated») M0,± phase. We consider two first phases in more details focusing on the problem of electron-hole states and different types of excitons in M0 phase and formation of electron-hole Bose liquid in M± phase. Pseudospin formalism provides a useful framework for revealing and describing different topological charge fluctuations, in particular, like domain walls or bubble domains in antiferromagnets. Electron-lattice polarization effects are shown to be crucial for the stabilization of either phase. All the insulating systems such as M0 phase are subdivided to two classes: stable and unstable ones with regard to the formation of self-trapped charge transfer (CT) excitons. The latter systems appear to be unstable with regard to the formation of CT exciton clusters, or droplets of the electron-hole Bose liquid. The model approach suggested is believed to be applied to describe a physics of strongly correlated oxides such as cuprates, manganites, bismuthates, and other systems with charge transfer excitonic instability and/or mixed valence. We shortly discuss an unconventional scenario of the essential physics of cuprates which implies their instability with regard to the self-trapping of charge transfer excitons and the formation of electron-hole Bose liquid.
PACS: 71.10.–w Theories and models of many-electron systems;
Key words: mixed-valence, electron correlations, pseudospins, oxides, cuprate superconductors, manganites.