Low Temperature Physics: 33, 780 (2007); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2781504 (3 pages)
Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur: Volume 33, Number 9 (September 2007), p. 1023-1026 ( to contents , go back )
Interlayer tunneling and the problem of superfluidity in bilayer quantum Hall systems
D.V. Fil1 and S.I. Shevchenko2
1Institute for Single Crystal National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 60 Lenin Ave., Kharkov 61001, Ukraine
2B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 47 Lenin Ave., Kharkov 61103, Ukraine
Received January 18, 2007
A possibility of nondissipative transmission of electrical current from the source to the load using superfluid electron-hole pairs in bilayers is studied. The problem is considered with reference to quantum Hall bilayers with the total filling factor nT =1. At nonzero interlayer tunneling the current pattern looks as a sum of uniform planar counterflow currents and Josephson vortices. The difference of electrochemical potentials of the layers (that is required to support the current in the load circuit) causes the motion of the Josephson vortices. In such a situation the second superfluid viscosity comes into play and results in dissipation of energy. It is found that the power of losses is proportional to the square of the matrix element of the interlayer tunneling and depends nonlinearly on the load resistance.
PACS: 73.43.Jn Tunneling;
Key words: electron-hole superfluidity, Josephson vortices.