Low Temperature Physics: 37, 889 (2011); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3671591 (4 pages)
Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur: Volume 37, Number 9-10 (September 2011), p. 1113-1117 ( to contents , go back )
Local and global superconductivity in bismuth
Luis A. Baring, Robson R. da Silva, and Yakov Kopelevich
Instituto de Fнsica "Gleb Wataghin", Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Unicamp 13083-859, Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil
Received June 1, 2011
We performed magnetization M(H,T) and magnetoresistance R(T,H) measurements on powdered (grain size ~ 149 μm) as well as highly oriented rhombohedral (A7) bismuth (Bi) samples consisting of single crystalline blocks of size ~ 1×1 mm in the plane perpendicular to the trigonal c axis. The obtained results revealed the occurrence of (1) local superconductivity in powdered samples with Tc(0) = (8.75 ± 0.05) K, and (2) global superconductivity at Tc(0) = (7.3 ± 0.1) K in polycrystalline Bi triggered by low-resistance ohmic contacts with silver (Ag) normal metal. The results provide evidence that the superconductivity in Bi is localized in a tiny volume fraction, probably at intergrain or Ag/Bi interfaces. On the other hand, the occurrence of global superconductivity observed for polycrystalline Bi can be accounted for by enhancement of the superconducting order parameter phase stiffness induced by the normal metal contacts, the scenario proposed in the context of “pseudogap regime” in cuprates [E. Berg et al., Phys. Rev. B78, 094509 (2008)].
PACS: 73.40.Jn Metal-to-metal contacts;
Key words: interface superconductivity, semimetals.