Low Temperature Physics: 41, 461 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4922099
Shielding characteristics of water
А.А. Levchenko1, А.М. Likhter2, D.А. Khramov1,2, V.А. Gryaznova2, and V.B. Shikin1
1Institute of Solid State Physics RAS, Chernogolovka 142432, Moscow District, Russia
2Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan 414056, Russia
Received January 28, 2015
In this article we demonstrate that a relatively small density of intrinsic ions in pure water has a significant impact on the development of the instability of the liquid–vapor boundary in an external electric field perpendicular to the interface. Dielectric breakdown scenario (Shliomis model) is shunted by alternative metal scenario (Frenkel model). Experimentally we observed the formation of a positively charged layer beneath the surface in weak perpendicular electrical fields. In strong electrical fields surface of water loses its stability and charges pass through the interface. Surface discharge process is periodic with a characteristic time of the order of tens seconds.
PACS: 52.20.–j Elementary processes in plasmas.
Key words: water, electric properties, stability of liquid surface, dissociation, charges.
Published online: April 23, 2015