All relativistic corrections to the Scrödinger equation which determine the interlink between spin and orbit of moving particles, are directly calculated from the Dirac equation using the spin invariant operators. It is shown that among the second order corrections there are not only the well-known Darwin and Thomas terms, but also the new ones. Only with the account of the latter corrections the energies found with the obtained spin-orbit interaction operator, coincide with the energies of the Dirac equation exact solution. The problem of electron spectrum in the quantum well type structures is studied in details and the physical reasons for the appearance of spin-orbit interaction operators in the Dresselhaus or Rashba form, are analyzed.
PACS: 03.65.Pm Relativistic wave equations; PACS: 03.65.Ta Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory; PACS: 73.20.At Surface states, band structure, electron density of states.