Dipole-dominated dissipative magnetic solitons in quasi-one-dimensional spin-torque oscillators
Institute of Magnetism NAS of Ukraine and MES of Ukraine, Kyiv 03142, Ukraine
V.S. Tiberkevich and A.N. Slavin
Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309, USA pos Анотація:
Received March 5, 2020, published online June 22, 2020
It is well-known that a spin-transfer torque caused by a dc electric current can excite in a two-dimensional ferromagnetic film exchange-dominated magnetic solitons, often called “spin-wave bullets”, under the condition of a negative nonlinear shift of spin wave frequency. In this work, we demonstrate that in a quasi-one-dimensional (1D) case, e.g., in a nanowire spin-Hall oscillator, it is possible to excite a stable dissipative magnetic soliton, which is dominated by the dipole-dipole interaction. This dissipative magnetic soliton can be described in the framework of a 1D Ginzburg–Landau auto-oscillator model, and has the shape similar to that of the exchange-dominated spin wave bullet, but with a different spatial localization law. The influence of the dipolar interaction makes possible the stabilization of a dissipative soliton in a relatively large (micron-sized) active area of the oscillator, which is in a sharp contrast with the two-dimensional case, where the excitation of a stable spin-wave bullet was observed only in relatively small active areas having typical sizes of the order of 100 nm. The characteristics and possible applications of these dipole-dominated spin wave bullets are discussed.